I have always lived in capital cities, and I especially yearn for life by the water. Confucius said, “The wise find pleasure in water; the virtuous find pleasure in hills. The wise are active; the virtuous are tranquil. The wise are joyful; the virtuous are long-lived.”
My love for places close to water must have contributed to my decision to move to live near the Danube. Sometimes I go jogging by the river, watching swans playing in the water while resting, or other waterfowl coming and going – it is very interesting. Occasionally fish jump out of the calm water to give me a little surprise. Those small things give me a bit of pleasure in life.
When the weather is not nice, I love to visit museums in the city. Some museums themselves are not directly related to exhibitions, but some museum buildings have interesting stories.
Away from Vienna, there is the Buchheim Museum der Phantasie near Munich in Germany. I call it the unity of nature and humanity. Why? General speaking, this museum combines art, nature and architecture in one.
People who come here stroll from the car park, pass the ancient trees, a wooden pavilion, and various outdoor artworks in the green park, before finally reaching the building next to the lake. The appearance of white and wood interlaced, a simple and low-key design.
The multi-level space design in the museum allows people to shuttle through different themes. Various art displays are located in different spaces to satisfy all the senses of the visitors. Here are the works of artist Lothar-Günther Buchheim himself and his private collection. There are a large number of expressionist works, as well as many folk art pieces from Africa and Asia. Buchheim himself was a photographer, publisher, author and even a film producer.
When he was young, he came into contact with submarines during the war and was very interested in the subject. In 1973, he published the novel Das Boot, which was not only very popular, but also translated into more than 30 languages. It was even made into an award-winning movie in 1981. The considerable income allowed him to travel and create abroad for a long time, as well as to collect a large number of foreign art works.
Buchheim informed the Governor of Bavaria in 1995 that he planned to move these private collections abroad. Because of this, the idea of this museum was realized. The process is full of controversy. In 1996, architect Behnisch and his partner won the first prize for architectural competition. But the realization of good things is usually preceded by rough going. The original museum was supposed to be built in Buchheim’s birthplace Feldafing, but had to be moved to the lake (Starnberger See) in Bernried Park, after strong protests from the residents in Feldafing. Nobody would expect to move this museum to such a fairyland-like place. In 2001, it was officially opened to the public to visit the exhibition area of 3,200 square metres.
As this construction would now be a new version of his original plan, the architect was free to design a controllable light concept, air conditioning, multi-functional space and movable partition walls. These were all architect’s idea of basic requirements for a museum.
On every floor and in every corner inside, visitors can feel the artworks in this space, which in turn interact with the natural “borrowed landscape” outside.
There are several works created with leaves that remind me of my high school friend who made me a picture with red maple leaves as a memento.
If you are tired of walking around in the museum, there is a cosy cafe where you can enjoy a leisurely meal or a cup of coffee. Let the warm sunlight fall on you, and listen to the sound of birds. Mountains, water, and atmosphere are around you. The architecture is quietly integrated into art and nature. There is no conflict.
At the end of the first floor, you can go out to a jetty 12 metres above the lake. Standing at the end of the bridge feels like standing on the bow of a ship. Overlooking the sailing boats on the lake and the mountains opposite. The blue sky is dotted with new white clouds like cotton candy. I looked back at the Buchheim Museum and thought in silence.
It’s so beautiful. I’m coming back to this place where nature and humanity are united.
遠離維也納，在德國慕尼黑附近有一個幻想的布韓博物館 (Buchheim Museum der Phantasie)，我稱它天人合一。為何呢？簡單地說，這個博物館將藝術，大自然及建築融合為一體。
博物館中多層次的空間設計，讓人穿梭於不同的主題中。不同的藝術展示位於不同的空間，滿足參觀者的各種感官。這裡都是藝術家布韓 (Lothar-Günther Buchheim) 自己和他私人珍藏的作品。有大量表現派的作品，還有很多來自非洲及亞洲的民俗藝術品。布韓自己本身也是攝影師，出版者，作者甚至也是製片家。
他年輕時因為戰爭接觸到潛水艇然後就對著主題很有興趣。1973年他出版了小說 Das Boot, 不僅大受歡迎，翻譯成三十多國語文，甚至1981年時還拍成了電影，也得獎過。可觀的收入讓他可以到國外長期旅行及創作，還有收集國外大量的藝術作品。
布韓在1995年時通知巴伐利亞洲的州長，打算將這些私人收藏移去國外。因為這樣才促成實現了這一個博物館的想法。過程充滿了爭議。1996年建築師班尼遜 (Behnisch) 和夥伴獲得建築競圖首奬。但好事多磨，原本博物館要建造在布韓的出生地費達芬(Feldafing)，卻受到當眾居民的強力抗議而移到伯恩力得 (Bernried) 公園邊湖畔 (Starnberger See) 的地方。沒想到搬到如此像仙境的地方，真是因禍得福啊！ 2001年正式開放給大眾參觀3200平方公尺大的展覽區。