Talking about Porsche would set many people’s hearts racing. Not just because of the cars’ high speed, but also their special design.
I still remember visiting a seminar in Hungary with friends after my graduation. On the way home an architect offered me a ride back to Vienna in his car. For a poor student it was a great chance to save spending on a train ticket. I did not think much about it and I was really happy about the free ride. As I took my bag to the trunk at the back I found the ENGINE. This car’s trunk was in the front! So my first experience with a Porsche was quite embarrassing, but also unforgettable.
Ferdinand Porsche was born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He loved engineering subjects and electronics from an early age. He was also good with his hands, and could drive very well. At the beginning of his career he worked as chief designer for Austro-Daimler, designing aircraft engines and sports cars. Later he left the company because of various disagreements. In 1931 Porsche founded his own company, with its main offices in the centre of Stuttgart. His son Ferry Porsche joined his company for car design, and the world-famous Volkswagen Beetle was born at that time. In the Second World War the Porsche family designed and produced the Tiger tank and the Elefant tank destroyer. As the war ended, father and son were both accused of war crimes and landed in prison for several months. After their release, Ferry Porsche designed and developed many racing cars, one of which had an amazing 520 HP. Since Porsche first took part in the 24 hours of Le Mans in 1951 they have already won 19 times.
Porsche wanted to create a museum project with Mercedes-Benz, but it did not work out. Then he decided to launch the most spectacular building project in the history of Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG. It should be an eye-catching building, which combined Porsche’s headquarters and factory. A place of experience, with showrooms for their company’s history and products. In the competition held to find a design for the museum, Viennese architects’ office Delugan Meissl Associated Architects were chosen from over 170 entries from all over Europe. Actual construction kicked off in October 2005.
By the start of 2007, the basement and the core of the building were completed. By that point around 21,000 cubic metres of concrete had been used for the underground garage, ground floor, first floor, and central support beams. The steel structure supporting the exhibition space, which spans 5,600 square metres, was successfully completed in the fall of 2007. The main part was 150 metres at its longest point. The weight of the steel structure was about 5500 tons and its length was nearly 60 metres. The installation of building systems and the interior work began during the same season.
On December 2008, finally, the avant-garde building was handed over to Porsche exactly on time. It cost 100 million euros in the end, nearly double what had been calculated. The opening of the Porsche Museum took place on Saturday 31 January 2009 and attracted visitors from all over the world who loved Porsche cars and architecture.
The building stands on a slope. Supported on just three V-shaped columns, the museum’s dominant main structure seems to float above the ground like a monolith. This bold and dynamic architecture reflects the company’s philosophy. It is designed to convey a sense of reception and approachability in order to welcome visitors in a friendly manner. In the entrance area visitors can find ticket counters, a coffee shop and museum shop. Next to the glass wall people can see the factory and historical film area. Two escalators with different lengths guide visitors to the exhibition area with various themes arranged on the spiral path. The spatial crossover situation here is quite unique.
Behind the giant glass facade there is a fancy restaurant. Above the restaurant is a conference room with access to the roof terrace. The windowless facade looks like a puzzle of white and mirrored octothorpe (hash tags). From every angle, the shapes of the monolith and base building look different thanks to their polygonal, avant-garde forms and the variation in the structures and windows. The building is like a sculpture, which can be observed from 360 degrees.
In his dedication, the architect declares, “The Porsche Museum creates a space that gives architectural expression to the company’s confident outlook and discerning standards, while also capturing Porsche’s dynamism. Knowledge, credibility and determination are as fundamental to the philosophy as courage, excitement, power and independence. Every idea is treated as an opportunity actively to tackle fresh challenges and probe the limits, yet still remain true to yourself. This museum endeavours to reflect all that.”
Ferry Porsche once said, “In the beginning I looked around but couldn’t find the car I dreamt of, so I decided to build it myself.” Humans become great because of their dreams! Let’s look back at history. How many great inventions were created just because humans did not give up their dreams? I have no chance to drive a Porsche car by myself, but the Porsche museum experience matches my ride experience with a Porsche Carrera. Just thrilling! Are you getting excited to experience that?
費迪南德·保時捷出生於奧匈帝國,從年輕就開始非常喜歡電機。他不但手工藝很巧也很會開車。剛開始他以主任設計師的身分幫奧地利戴姆勒公司設計飛機的引擎還有跑車。後來因為意見分歧而離開。1931年的時候他在德國斯圖加特成立了自己的研發公司，他的兒子菲力·保時捷也加入汽車設計工業，世界有名的福斯金龜車在那時誕生。 因為二戰時期保時捷家族是戰車初期型炮塔的設計及生產商，所以二戰後父子都成了戰犯被關了幾個月。後來出獄後他兒子設計了很多賽車，其中一台賽車竟然有520馬力。自從1951年保時捷參加24小時賽車Le Mans後已經贏了19次冠軍寶座。
保時捷原本想和賓士共同創造一個博物館項目但是沒有成功。所以他自己開始計劃在斯圖加特成立ㄧ個可以融合公司總部和車廠的顯目建築物，展示汽車企業保時捷的歷史和產品。2004年時維也納來的建築師事務所Delugan Meissl Associated Architects從全球170個參與競圖者中出類拔萃得到了建造權。2005年10月保時捷博物館正式開工。2007年初時地基已經完成了，光是蓋車庫，底樓，第一層樓還有中間的結構部份已經使用了21000 立方公尺的混泥土。一個支撐5600平方公尺巨大展覽空間的橋型鋼架構造在於2007年秋天完成。主體最大的長度為150公尺，橋型鋼架構造大約5500噸 ，最大跨度範圍將近60公尺。同時間開始建築物的水電工程還有室內裝潢。
費迪南德·保時捷的兒子菲力·保時捷曾經說過: 剛開始我找不到我夢想中的汽車，所以我決定我自己來打造。人類因為夢想而偉大! 看看歷史上有多少偉大的發明是因為有人沒有放棄夢想而成真? 我自己沒機會開保時捷跑車，但是搭過保時捷跑車和體驗完保時捷博物館留下的震撼很類似。你有心動嗎?